Mapping Mixed-Initiative Creative Interfaces: How Can Humans and AI Collaborate in Creative Practice? - project 5

Project Description

As part of the current bloom of artificial intelligence, we are seeing the rise of ‘creative AI’ – artificial intelligence that produces or supports creative work like making games, writing prose, composing music, or editing films. A particularly novel and interesting approach in this field are so-called Mixed-Initiative Creative Interfaces or MICIs (Deterding et al., 2017).

Rather than human creators using computers as a tool, or computers acting as creators on their own, in MICIs, human and AI engage in a creative dialogue, taking turns constraining, suggesting, producing, modifying, selecting, and evaluating creative outputs. Examples are systems like TANAGRA, where a human game designer suggests a rough draft of a game level, and the AI produces a detailed game map, automatically analyses whether the map is actually playable, and if not, suggests edits. Beyond games, we find MICIs in product and web design, painting, music, writing and story creation, film editing, etc.

The goal of this project is to map the design space of how humans and AI can collaborate in a creative endeavor. Using standard taxonomies of creative practices (framing, ideating, selecting, assessing, modifying, ...), you will collect existing MICI systems across domains (games, visual art, ...) and build a digital map which kinds of collaboration have already been realised in which domains and which therefore remain underexplored.

To do so, you will

Number of places available


Required skills

We are looking for two advanced undergraduate or master's students interested in creative AI.

Students should be able to do a systematic literature review involving searching, filtering, and coding literature; designing and monitoring an online survey design; and ideally, building a web collection using existing open source frameworks like


Dr Sebastian Deterding

Dr Jon Hook

Dr Marco Gillies

Dr Jeremy Gow

Dr Rebecca Fiebrink


Deterding, C. S., Hook, J. D., Fiebrink, R., Gow, J., Akten, M., Smith, G., ... & Compton, K. (2017). Mixed-Initiative Creative Interfaces. In Proceedings of CHI 2017 Extended Abstracts. ACM.


How to Apply

For more details on the summer school application process (including eligibility and funding) please see the overview page at: